Dog Vaccination

Dog Vaccination

Vaccinations help control dangerous infectious diseases in our dogs. Every animal has different needs with different lifestyles. We cater to each dogs' circumstances with 3 different vaccinations to choose from: C3 or C5 or C7. Furthermore, we offer a triannual option for C3 and titre testing.

Puppy Vaccination

Puppies are "temporarily" protected against many diseases by antibodies received through their mother’s milk. These maternal antibodies decline in the first few weeks of their lives, after which they need a vaccination to induce immunity. The age at which maternal antibodies drop enough to require vaccination is highly variable, which is why a series of vaccinations is necessary in a puppy.

Your puppy should receive their 1st vaccination at 6-8 weeks of age, their 2nd vaccination at 10-12 weeks of age and their 3rd vaccination at 14-16 weeks of age.

Adult Vaccination

The immunity from puppy vaccination weakens over time and your pet can again become susceptible to disease. Annual health checks and booster vaccinations will provide the best protection for the life of your pet.

For the C3 component of the vaccination we offer from the first adult booster the option of a triannual vaccination. This vaccination is licensed to be administered every 3 year and offers protection against canine parvovirus, distemper and hepatitis. In addition we offer titre testing which is a laboratory analysis that measures the level of antibodies in the blood. It is used to determine if a dog is immune to a virus or whether they require vaccination for protection.

After Vaccination Care

Dogs generally do not show ill effects after their visit to the veterinarian for vaccinations and dog not require special aftercare. However, your pet maybe off colour for a day or two, or have slight swelling, tenderness or pain around the injection site. Your pet also may have reduced appetite and want to rest after the vaccination is given. On rare accessions, reactions may be more concerning including a swollen face. If the response seems more severe or persists, you should contact us for advice.

INFECTIOUS DISEASES OF DOGS THAT WE CAN VACCINATE AGAINST

Canine Parvovirus

Canine parvovirus is a disease that affects dogs of all ages but is most common in young dogs. The virus attacks the intestines causing bloody diarrhoea, uncontrollable vomiting and severe abdominal pain. Some infected dogs will die from parvovirus, even if they receive intensive veterinary care.

Parvovirus is spread via dog faeces and is very persistent in the environment even after the faeces has been cleaned away. For this reason, it is not necessary to have direct contact with other dogs for the disease to be spread. The virus is so persistent that an infected dog’s environment needs to be cleaned with a potent disinfectant to prevent spread to other dogs. Outbreaks occur regularly especially in summer, with an estimated 20,000 dogs infected every year in Australia.

Canine Distemper Virus

Canine distemper is a highly contagious viral disease that can affect dogs of any age with young puppies being at highest risk.

Symptoms vary but can include fever, coughing, sneezing, nasal discharge, vomiting, diarrhoea, loss of appetite and depression. Muscle tremors, fits and paralysis may occur later in the disease. Treatment is usually ineffective and the recovery rate very low. Dogs that do recover may have permanent brain damage.

Canine Cough

Canine "kennel" cough is a condition produced by several highly infectious viruses and bacteria, which can be easily spread wherever dogs congregate, such as parks, grooming salons, doggy day care, shows, obedience schools and boarding kennels. Among the infectious agents associated with canine cough is the bacterium known as Bordetella bronchiseptica and the canine viruses parainfluenza, adenovirus type 2 and distemper.

Affected dogs have a dry hacking cough which can persist for several weeks. It is distressing for pet dogs and their owners. Pneumonia can also be a consequence of infection, particularly in young animals.

The vaccination can be administered via several routes including; intranasal, oral and injectable. The most common route administered is oral due to the increased protection provided to the dog and the least side effects.

The C5 & C7 vaccination offer some protection against canine cough.

Canine Leptospirosis

Canine leptospirosis is a serious disease risk in some areas and can cause high death rates. This bacterial disease is spread by the urine of infected rats and is usually transmitted to dogs who ingest contaminated food and water (e.g. drink from puddles), dogs who eat rats or from rat bites. Leptospirosis is also carried in the urine of pigs, cattle and horses.

There’s an increased risk where high rat populations exist such as in cities, near rubbish dumps or around sugar cane areas. Incidence can also increase after long periods of wet weather or building activity, when rat populations are forced to move or concentrate. Leptospirosis is a ‘zoonotic disease’ meaning it is an animal disease that can be passed to humans. Human infection can occur through ingestion of contaminated food or water, or through open wounds.

Only the C7 vaccination includes coverage for leptospirosis.

Infectious canine Hepatitis (also known as Canine Adenovirus type1)

Infectious canine hepatitis is a viral disease which, like distemper is extremely contagious and often fatal. Dogs of any age can become infected, however severe cases are rare in dogs over two years of age.

Symptoms include high fever, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhoea and acute abdominal pain. In severe cases death can occur within 24 to 36 hours. Dogs that recover may develop long-term liver and kidney problems and can act as carriers spreading the disease to other dogs for many months.

Canine Coronavirus

Canine coronavirus is another contagious virus and causes depression, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhoea especially in young dogs. Diarrhoea may last for several days in some cases. Although most dogs will recover with treatment, coronavirus has the potential to be fatal, especially if other infectious agents such as parvovirus are present.

Only the C7 vaccination includes coverage for canine coronavirus.
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